Types of Fabric Bedding

Apr 24, 2014 by

ProFleece ProFleece is possibly the best fabric type bedding available for pets! It has been used by veterinarians for decades and is becoming very popular in the pet industry. It is made of 100% polyester which is: Non–irritating Non-allergic Does not support bacterial growth Stain resistant Dries fast after washing or accidents The pile aides heat retention while still allowing air to circulate. With proper washing/drying care this bedding can last years which helps to save both money and the environment. It can be easily cut to fit any space with no fraying or damage to the product. The extra strong backing is allows the hedgehog to dig into the pile without damaging the bedding. ProFleece Premium Vet Bedding 1200 grams density per meter squared 25 mm pile Non-slip backing allows for drainage when accidents occur Washable up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit and tumble dry on cool/warm heat ProFleece Ultimate Vet Bedding The Ultimate series offers both the non-slip ribbed backing and the green back. The green back is knitted from a double strength chew resistant yarn. 1600 grams density per meter squared 31 mm pile Tumble Dry cool/warm heat Available in Non-slip backing washable up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit  Available in Green Back washable up to 194 degrees Fahrenheit    Vellux Some hedgehog hobbyists prefer to use Vellux blankets (found in the bedding section of Wal-Mart or similar store) in the bottom of hedgehog cages as an...

At Home FAQ

Nov 13, 2013 by

Care When should I take him to the vet? We recommend a well pet visit within the first month of coming home. If you are having any transitional stress issues we recommend as soon as you notice a problem. Check our Facebook page for quick answers but feel free to email us and put URGENT in the header so we know to answer your email first. How can I choose a veterinarian? These are some simple questions that will save you time and prevent surprises at your first visit. Do you treat hedgehogs? How much is a well pet visit? What do you do at a well pet visit? *We don’t believe anesthesia is necessary for a friendly hedgehog but if it doesn’t allow your veterinarian to easily exam your hedgie it may be necessary. We don’t feel a fecal exam is necessary if your hedgehog has normal, formed stool. How much is an emergency pet visit? How much is a mite treatment and what do you use? This can range from $18 to $200. We feel Revolution is the safest treatment available. Many veterinarians carry it in stock and it is relatively inexpensive. Your treatment should be less than $40. How much is a necropsy report? Losing a pet is never easy but finding out the cause of death can give important information about our herd and it can help prevent future hedgehog...

Human Allergic Reactions To Hedgehogs...

Jul 23, 2013 by

Introduction We are often asked about allergic reactions and hedgehogs. Many potential customers want to know whether or not hedgehogs are good pets for someone who is allergic to cats and dogs.  A quick search on the internet will uncover a variety of answers to this question.   Hypoallergenic? Hedgehogs are often sought out as an alternative pet for individuals who are allergic to cats, dogs and/or other pets. Although hedgehogs may be a good pet alternative for individuals who are allergic to cats and dogs, according to an article titled “Hedgehog Hives,” the presence of allergies to other pets may be predictive of hedgehog hives. Therefore, hedgehogs are not, per-say, 100% hypoallergenic. It is always a good idea to visit a hedgehog prior to purchase if you are allergic to other animals and want to make sure you are not allergic to hedgehogs as well. Allergy symptoms can vary between each person and various animals. Many people with mild allergies can handle hedgehogs. Types of Reactions Hedgehogs may elicit the same types of allergic responses, as other types of pets and allergens do. Several people have told us that they owned a hedgehog (or multiple hedgehogs) for quite some time when they suddenly developed sensitivity to their pet.  The most common skin related allergic reaction is the development of skin redness with some type of white or red bumps. Another type of allergic...

Causes Of Dry Skin

Jun 11, 2013 by

In order to treat the dry skin, it is necessary to understand potential causes of the problem.Several factors may contribute to the dryness, but the problem will not be completely eliminated without treating the specific problem. Quilling Varying degrees of quill loss may also be associated with dry skin.  Quill loss and dry skin may indicate a mite infestation or fungal infection but is not always the case. A veterinarian can rule out mites by observing skin scrapings under a microscope and performing a simple fungal test. It is very important to visit the vet and ascertain the reason for the dry skin if the problem persists or there is quill loss. Our Quilling Article has more details on this subject. Mites and Fleas Refer to Mites and Other Ectoparasites for More Information Fungus and Bacterial Infection Your vet will need to do a skin scrapping and will prescribe antibiotic if necessary. Fungal spores are airborne and can be transferred easily throughout the environment. Animals (and humans) with dry skin are more susceptible to funal infections Fungal infection: ringworm Fungus (dermatophytoses. (Vet Med, 1999). Type of Bedding Bedding with fine particulates can dry out the skin Hardwood beddings and dusty beddings can also dry the skin. Diet Deficiency Certain dietary issues may also cause dry skin. Allergens Grass Detergents Fabric Softener Carpet Cleaner Bathing Too frequent Type of soap or shampoo Not rinsing shampoos well can cause...

Wood Products Bedding

Jun 7, 2013 by

The Pine Debate Popularity Pine shavings and related products are by far the most common bedding material used in the pet industry. Pine shavings are easily accessible, are processed and packaged by numerous pet supply companies, and are sold at almost every store that carries pet products. They are inexpensive to purchase compared to almost all other forms of bedding. Pine shavings do a relatively good job of absorbing urine. Most brands are comfortable for small and large animals alike. The comparative ease of use, safety, and cost factors make it the top choice for many animal breeders and owners alike. Toxicity Some veterinarian professionals and pet owners discourage the use pine shavings and their derivatives. In her article, “Wood Bedding and the Danger of Phenols,” Antigone Means states, “The problem [with pine and cedar] is a chemical called phenol that naturally occurs in these woods. It’s what makes them smell so nice and acts as an effective bug repellant, but is dangerous to small animals.” www.hedgehogvalley.com/phenols.html. Pine shavings do not contain the harmful plicatic acid (primary form of irritation in cedar) that cedar shavings have, but contain high levels of abietic acid, (an organic compound found in many trees) which when not heat cured; can cause similar problems after exposure. Necropsies on animals having respiratory distress from their bedding may also show liver distress and fluid in the lungs. Pathogens are generally not...

Bedding & Litter Eating Or Ingestion...

Jun 7, 2013 by

Reasons for Eating Bedding Inquisitive – Hedgehogs are inquisitive by nature and often attempt to learn about their environment through their senses of taste and smell.  Baby or young hedgehogs are very prone to eating new brands or types of bedding. Self-Anoint and/or Camouflage – Many hedgehogs will ingest new bedding in order to create a forth to self anoint. Hunger – It is believed that hedgehogs that have had drastically reduced diets or an inadequate diet may eat bedding to attempt to satisfy hunger. Nutritional Deficiency – Some believe animals eat things in their environment to try to combat something they are lacking in their diet. What to Do The most important thing to do is to monitor how much bedding your hedgehog is eating and to try to discourage your hedgehog from eating more bedding. Hedgehogs that eat a single piece of new bedding and spit it out or self anoint with it are most likely eating it out of curiosity and will discontinue eating the bedding once they realize it isn’t food. Offer additional treats or additional staple diet to encourage the hedgehog to eat food rather than bedding. Immediately remove bedding if you notice your hedgehog eating multiple pieces of bedding. Dangers Ingested bedding can cause serious abdominal impactions that can lead to death. Always keep an eye on your hedgehog’s appetite and stool after your hedgehog eats bedding. Your hedgehog’s stool should...

Fabric Cage Liner Bedding Options

Jun 6, 2013 by

 Advantages of Using Fabric Cage Liners Various types of fabric are good options for people with allergies or hedgehogs with bedding sensitivities. Many owners like the fact that fabric bedding is recyclable and stores easily. Fabric is less likely to harbor mites than other products. There are no wood splinters, dust, or small pieces to get on the floor. Light colored lines are great for monitoring hedgehog’s output as fecal matter is a window to your hedgehog’s internal health. A liner made of a combination of fleece and flannel, or other soft materials, can be very comfortable for your hedgehog. Disadvantages of Using Fabric Cage Liners Initial Start-up Cost Quality lines may be hand made or purchased from liner dealers and have a higher start-up cost than traditional bedding. The best liners have multiple layers, which further increases the start up cost. Loose Threads One must be diligent to watch for any loose threads that can wrap around toes or feet. Beth Ann Breitweiser, DVM, at All Wild Things Exotic Animal Hospital in Indianapolis, IN, spoke to us at length about the dangers of loose threads and small fibers from fabric. A small fiber or thread can cause permanent damage to a toe or foot in less than six hours. She has amputated many toes and feet at her practice due to this type of injury. Be careful with woven or knit materials. Toenails...

General Bedding Information

Jun 6, 2013 by

Type Unfortunately, we have yet to find the perfect bedding to use with our hedgehogs. Almost every hedgehog owner and veterinarian has slightly different recommendations and opinions. Keep in mind no bedding manufacturer is going to label their product as inferior or dangerous to your pet. All bedding packages will say that particular bedding is healthy and safe. One needs to evaluate each type of the bedding’s benefits, as well as its risks and problems. Factors to take into consideration include accessibility, toxicity, appearance, frequency of cleaning, and costs.    The type of bedding you choose and use is one of the key factors in helping to determine the overall health and happiness of your pet. Most wood, paper, or other processed bedding can be dusty. Each brand will have different amounts of dust. Handling practices of the bags and use can affect the amount of dust in individual bags. Fluffy beddings tend to stick to your hedgehog and make quite a mess on the floor, and are hazardous to your vacuum! We suggest avoiding fragrant bedding or bedding that has added chemicals. A deep layer of bedding will provide room for you to scoop under your hedgehog and will also provide a burrowing opportunity for your pet. Health Considerations Keep in mind some hedgehogs (and humans) are allergic to different types of bedding. If you notice a rash or skin irritation and you have...

Bedding To AVOID

Jun 4, 2013 by

Cedar Shavings One doesn’t have to search very hard to find numerous warnings and studies showing the dangers of using cedar for animal, reptile or bird bedding.  NEVER use cedar shavings because they contain a toxin called Plicatic Acid and other aromatic (volatile) hydrocarbon or phenol compounds. These phenols are what give the shavings their scent and what repel fleas and moths but they are the same compounds that lead to numerous problems in small mammals. The use of cedar shavings can lead to respiratory illnesses, liver problems and some types of cancer. To our knowledge the only recommended use by veterinarians is for filler in dog beds. Hay A few owners have used hay as a nesting option for their hedgehogs. As long as the hay is from packaged from a pet store it should be fine.   Hay used for large livestock hasn’t been treated for anything that could make your hedgehog sick. As long as the igloo or sleeping area remains clean it is a comfortable, natural bedding.   Hay is generally NOT recommended as the main cage bedding. Others Sawdust Straw Garden soil and leaves Gravel All bedding should be properly cleaned and processed to remove the risk of mites and other...