At Home FAQ

Nov 13, 2013 by

Care When should I take him to the vet? We recommend a well pet visit within the first month of coming home. If you are having any transitional stress issues we recommend as soon as you notice a problem. Check our Facebook page for quick answers but feel free to email us and put URGENT in the header so we know to answer your email first. How can I choose a veterinarian? These are some simple questions that will save you time and prevent surprises at your first visit. Do you treat hedgehogs? How much is a well pet visit? What do you do at a well pet visit? *We don’t believe anesthesia is necessary for a friendly hedgehog but if it doesn’t allow your veterinarian to easily exam your hedgie it may be necessary. We don’t feel a fecal exam is necessary if your hedgehog has normal, formed stool. How much is an emergency pet visit? How much is a mite treatment and what do you use? This can range from $18 to $200. We feel Revolution is the safest treatment available. Many veterinarians carry it in stock and it is relatively inexpensive. Your treatment should be less than $40. How much is a necropsy report? Losing a pet is never easy but finding out the cause of death can give important information about our herd and it can help prevent future hedgehog...

Anesthesia

Sep 2, 2013 by

Anesthesia is an induced state of unconsciousness in animals. Veterinarians may anesthetize your hedgehog to examine it thoroughly or during a procedure that requires the hedgehog to remain still. Anesthesia is also necessary for surgery. Three components are involved in this process: analgesia (pain relief), amnesia (loss of memory), and immobilization Within the components there are numerous stages Stage 1: (voluntary excitement): heart rate and respiratory rate increase; this is usually where the animal will struggle in confusion Stage 2: (involuntary excitement): Loss of consciousness Stage 3: General anesthesia Plane 1: light anesthesia (reflexes are still present) Plane 2: medium anesthesia (surgical level with muscles relaxed) Plane 3: deep anesthesia (breathing endangered) Plane 4: too deep (diaphragm is paralyzed) Stage 4: (irreversible anesthesia): respiratory arrest Recovery stages work in reverse from stage 4 back to stage 1 The preferred method in small animals is isoflurane gas This is done in induction chamber than switched to a face mask for maintenance Endotracheal intubation is nearly impossible The smaller trachea of hedgehogs makes it difficult to tube the animals unlike cats and dogs Injectable agents can also be used though not as popular Ketamine can be used alone or in combination with diazepam (intramuscular) Tiletamin/zolazepam in combination Halothane and methoxyflurane are used for shorter procedures, but isoflurane is preferred for longer procedures Patient physical condition is usually used as the primary method for determining the method...

Mentoring Questions For New Breeder

May 23, 2013 by

When we mentor new breeders we encourage new breeders to learn as much as possible.  There is a lot of conflicting information on the internet and sometimes it is hard to decipher all the different opinions.  Below are some questions we encourage the breeders we mentor study, think about, and respond.  We will be sure to comment on the answers so that all points of view are represented. Some of these basic breeding questions will help new breeders to get off to a new start. Do you have a veterinarian that has seen your hedgehogs and is willing to see your hedgehog on an emergency basis? If so who and have you spoken with them? How will you decide when your hedgehogs are ready to breed? How will you decide when your hedgehogs are ready to be retired? How will you find homes for your retirees? Describe three reasons why females fail to conceive. Why would a female need Caesarean and how would you tell? Why would a female reject her babies and what should you do? Why would a female cannibalize her babies and what should you do? What should you do if your female fails to nurse or lactate and how can you tell? What are some of the most common problems with pre-weanling babies and how do you treat...

Feet & Paws

May 21, 2013 by

Hedgehogs have 4 toes on the rear feet and 5 toes on the front feet as in the Atelerix species. The nails on the front feet may need to be trimmed more frequently than the rear feet to prevent them from curling into the foot and damaging the footpad. Hedgehog’s feet and toes are made for walking and running. They do not have opposable thumbs or fingers for grasping or for vertical climbing. Bloody Feet Symptom Raw sores, scabbed, irritated feet Actively bleeding feet Cause Damaged nails are the most common cause of the bloody feet. Over-use of a wheel can cause blisters or tiny scrapes on the pads of the feet. Some types of wheels have a tendency to cause more irritation than others. Treatment Feet should be cleaned with warm water and a mild soap to determine if the injury is new or is healing Remove all bedding and litter in the cage. Open wounds should be kept on clean paper towels or other non-stick substrate until healed. Over-the-counter regular Polysporin (no Maximum Strength or Painkiller versions) can be applied to sore feet to aid in healing. No wheel exercise until the injury has healed. Some hedgehogs become highly agitated without the wheel but one night without a wheel will make a significant difference in allowing the feet to heal. “Angry red” or pustules indicate a veterinarian visit and possible medication. Foot injuries tend...