Last Updated on August 23, 2015.

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Food Ingredient Description & Effect
  • Good for sensitive stomachs
  • Contains only muscle meat
Chicken Meal
  • Clean meat from the animal that has been cooked, dried, and ground
  • Most of the moisture is removed
  • Non-muscle parts of animals
  • Can be specific as chicken-by-products or generic as animal-by-products
  • By-products are most often products left over from meat source processing (the muscle).
  • Good for sensitive stomachs
  • NA
Poultry Meal
  • May contain any type of poultry
Animal Meal
  • May contain any animal
  • NA
  • NA
Meat and Bone Meal
  • Meat meal with the addition of bones
  • Does not contain non-edible parts such as feet, fur, or feather
  • Slightly lower grade than meat meal
Animal Fat
  • Fat trimmed during the meat processing
    Should be limited in most diets.


Food Ingredient Description & Effect
  • Vegetables are becoming more popular in pet foods
  • Common vegetables found in pet foods are carrots and peas
  • The amount of vegetables in the food and the quality of the vegetables determines their overall nutritional effect on the food
  • Whole vegetables are considered the most beneficial and parts of vegetables such as beet pulp and pea hulls have different purposes in food other than supporting nutrition
Grains – Corn
  • Corn is widely used in the animal industry as the main protein source for many animals and is common in many human foods as well
  • Corn is processed in many different ways and how it is processed determines the quality of the protein and the digestibility of that protein. [Corn is a protein?]
  • Cattle, hogs, sheep, and poultry are considered “production animals” that are raised for the meat they produce. Whole and ground corn is the key ingredient in their food.
  • Digestibility
  • Filler


Food Ingredient Description & Effect
Ingredients to Avoid
  • Chemical Preservatives
    • BHA, BHT and Ethoxyquin are believed to be linked to cancer, liver damage, and other health issues *
    • Alternatives to chemical preservatives are vitamins such as Vitamin E
  • Sweeteners
    • Corn syrup and sucrose are commonly found in human foods as well as animal foods.
  • Propylene Glycol
  • Coloring Additives
NA – Not Available