Random Physical Characteristics

Jul 19, 2013 by

Size The average hedgehog weighs approximately ½ to 1-¼ pounds and most are the size of a softball or slightly larger when they are rolled into a ball. Some adult hedgehogs have a slightly larger build and can weigh up to 2 pounds (the size of a small guinea pig) without being fat. Most hedgehogs are 6-8 inches in length, but it is hard to accurately and consistently measure a hedgehog, because their body changes shape when it is balled up, relaxed, sitting or moving. Teeth Hedgehogs have 36-44 teeth in a long, pointy snout. The first pair of incisors is slightly larger than the rest, but they are certainly not as dramatically different in size from their other teeth as a rodent’s front teeth. Hedgehog incisors do not continuously grow, as do rodent incisors, and so they do not have an innate need to chew or gnaw on things to wear down their teeth. The baby teeth are shed early and replaced by rooted adult teeth. Poor diet can cause tooth decay and gum disease. Feet Hedgehogs have 4 toes on the rear feet and 5 toes on the front feet in the Atelerix species. The nails on the front feet may need trimmed more frequently than the rear feet to prevent them from curling into the foot and damaging the footpad. Hedgehogs’ feet and toes are made for walking and running. They do not...

Dry Skin Treatments

Jun 13, 2013 by

Treatment Overview The first step in treatment is to look at a clean, completely dry hedgehog. Our Bathing Articles describe an oatmeal bath, how to bathe your hedgehog, dead skin removal, and simple skin care tips. Various owners and breeders treat simple dry skin with various over-the-counter remedies and other items usually found around the house. Very rarely will a veterinarian prescribe a prescription treatment for dry skin only, since many other more cost-effective means are successful. In many cases an oatmeal bath will clean and soothe the skin, and no other treatment is necessary. Healing should happen fairly quickly, and if not, a trip to the veterinarian is necessary because dry skin that is not accurately treated will become worse over time. Mite infestations can be the root of the dry skin problem and will continue to cause more skin and quill damage if not properly treated. Most veterinarians recommend a treatment of Revolution as a precautionary against mites because it is more reliable than looking for mites, it is inexpensive and very safe. Another reason to see a veterinarian is the he/she may need to prescribe oral antibiotics such as  Trimeth-Sulfa Susp and Conofite spray for fungal problems.  Oral antibiotics such as Itraconazole may be necessary as well.  Harrison’s Avix Soother Topical Spray Great for skin irritation, mange, minor lesions and itching Promotes soothing relief for skin inflammation Is safe and effective for all species...

Causes Of Dry Skin

Jun 11, 2013 by

In order to treat the dry skin, it is necessary to understand potential causes of the problem.Several factors may contribute to the dryness, but the problem will not be completely eliminated without treating the specific problem. Quilling Varying degrees of quill loss may also be associated with dry skin.  Quill loss and dry skin may indicate a mite infestation or fungal infection but is not always the case. A veterinarian can rule out mites by observing skin scrapings under a microscope and performing a simple fungal test. It is very important to visit the vet and ascertain the reason for the dry skin if the problem persists or there is quill loss. Our Quilling Article has more details on this subject. Mites and Fleas Refer to Mites and Other Ectoparasites for More Information Fungus and Bacterial Infection Your vet will need to do a skin scrapping and will prescribe antibiotic if necessary. Fungal spores are airborne and can be transferred easily throughout the environment. Animals (and humans) with dry skin are more susceptible to funal infections Fungal infection: ringworm Fungus (dermatophytoses. (Vet Med, 1999). Type of Bedding Bedding with fine particulates can dry out the skin Hardwood beddings and dusty beddings can also dry the skin. Diet Deficiency Certain dietary issues may also cause dry skin. Allergens Grass Detergents Fabric Softener Carpet Cleaner Bathing Too frequent Type of soap or shampoo Not rinsing shampoos well can cause...

Overview Of The Skin

Jun 11, 2013 by

Healthy Skin The epidermis and dermis are the two primary mammalian skin layers. The epidermis is the topmost layer is the selectively permeable skin barrier. It is called the dead skin layer, which provides waterproofing and serves as a barrier to damage. The dermis serves as the location for appendages of the skin including hair follicles and quills. Healthy skin is important to maintaining a formidable barrier to external stimuli including protecting against dehydration,  environmental changes, and diseases such as bacterial infection. Any modifications to the skin’s barrier equilibrium may trigger skin conditions such as dryness, itchiness, or dermatitis (inflammation of the skin) Healthy skin can be hard to maintain due to numerous environmental factors Temperature Sun Pollution Water itself can cause dry skin if one showers in excess or in hot water because it removes the oils the skin naturally secretes for moisture. Additional Articles Problems Associated With Dry Skin Causes of Dry Skin Diagnosis of Dry Skin Treatment of Dry Skin Other Skin...